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Teaching and learning about Anzac Day

Premier’s ANZAC Memorial Scholarships 2011

For more information - Premier’s ANZAC Memorial Scholarships 2011

The Premier’s ANZAC Memorial Scholarships program has the purpose of ensuring that the Gallipoli story remains a living part of Australian history. Up to 20 scholarships will be awarded in 2011 to students in Years 9 or 10 enrolled in government or non-government schools who have a strong interest in the ANZAC tradition.

In 2011 the Premier, or a representative, and the President of the NSW Branch of the Returned and Services League will accompany the selected students and two accompanying teachers to significant overseas sites associated with Australia’s participation in wars.

The scholars may participate in ANZAC Day commemoration activities in one of the countries they visit. The tour will be of approximately 14 days duration.

Each scholarship covers all costs including travel, accommodation, tour uniforms and a stipend.

Two supervising teachers to accompany the tour will be selected through an Expression of Interest process.

This Board of Studies NSW website is a portal to a range of educational resources about Australia's involvement in the world wars. These pages provide instant access to high quality materials on the web to assist teachers and students in preparing for the observance of Anzac Day. Included are links to resources by the Board of Studies NSW for the teaching and learning of Australian History in Stages 4-5.

28 Images from Gallipoli

Below is a collection of recently discovered images about Gallipoli, some of which are previously unpublished.

Links to Anzac Day resources

The following links are to materials provided on Board of Studies NSW websites, or websites built by the Office of the Board of Studies in partnership with other government departments.

An unpublished album of photographs from the State Library of NSW collection that reveals life on Lemnos Island. This album of photos by AW Savage shows the nurses leaving Australia, and daily life at the Third Australian Hospital in 1915.

Maps, historical information, photos and audio commentaries for your iPod or mp3 player are available to enable students to do a “virtual tour” of Gallipoli. They can “walk” between 14 different stopping points. The photographs have been chosen to help students visualise what was going on in that vicinity between April and December 1915 while they listen to the commentaries.

Cover of Australian Women’s Weekly from 1944 wiat a soldier on the front
Australian Women’s Weekly, 13 May 1944. [AWM N305.405 A967]

For the people of modern Turkey, the Battle of Çanakkale, as they call the Turkish struggle to retain control of the Gallipoli Peninsula and the Straits of the Dardanelles, the Çanakkale Boğazı, in 1915, was one of the defining moments in their history. Australian visitors, not surprisingly, spend most of their time in Gallipoli at the cemeteries and memorials of Anzac. Some of the Turkish monuments and memorials in the area will provide an insight into the Turkish perspective on an event which has played such a major role in the history of both countries.

This section is also available translated into Turkish

View an animated story of an extraordinary event that brought World War 2 home to the residents of Sydney. On 31 May 1942, three Japanese submarines launched midget submarines for an attack on shipping in Sydney Harbour.

Find out more about the Australian History, Geography, Civics and Citizenship Test and the Scope Statement and Test Specifications from 2006

title page of the book, ‘Australians in Action: The Story of Gallipoli’
The title page of Australians in Action: The Story of Gallipoli which was “published for the use of the Senior Pupils of the Public Schools of New South Wales in proud and grateful memory of the bravery of the Australian Troops”. It was reprinted from cabled reports of the landing written by Charles Bean and Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett. (In the collection of the State Library of NSW)

More than 30,000 Australians became Prisoners of War (POWs) between 1940 and 1945, in the Mediterranean and Middle East campaigns and at sea in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, along with members of RAAF aircrews who bailed out during operations over Germany, occupied Europe or North Africa. Read some of the stories of these Australians.

These activities are intended to give students insight into imprisonment in wartime, in statistical terms and from an individual perspective. The teacher can explain that although there are conventions that govern the treatment of prisoners, conditions were generally harsh and many prisoners of war did not survive captivity.

The worksheets include treatment of POWs (PDF), prisoners of the Germans (PDF), Herbert Hawleys’ captivity (PDF), Greece and Crete (PDF), prisoners of the Japanese (PDF) and great escapes (PDF).

NSW HSC Online is a website provided for HSC students by Charles Sturt University, the NSW Department of Education and Training and the Board of Studies NSW. This set of materials, intended for HSC Modern History students, provides an excellent introduction to the larger picture of World War 1.

It did this to ensure a high quality modern curriculum that prepares students for life, the world of work and further study. As well as being clearer about the essential learning that all students must do, the new syllabuses allow for content to be added to meet locally identified needs and interests. View the Years 7-10 History Syllabus or read Information for Parents and the Community about the Mandatory Courses in Years 7-10

Damien Parer’s Academy award
The Academy Award presented to Damien Parer in 1943 for his wartime documentary Kokoda Front Line. Attached to the centre front of the wooden base of the award is a brass plate engraved: ‘Kokoda Front Line!’ for its effectiveness in portraying, simply yet forcefully, the scene of war in New Guinea and for its moving presentation of the bravery and fortitude of our Australian comrades in arms. [AWM REL/14879]

These activities are designed to provide students with a basic understanding of what Anzac Day signifies. Students use selections from primary and secondary documents to find relevant information that helps them understand the history of Gallipoli, aspects of the Anzac legend and how the landing at Anzac Cove and the subsequent campaign is commemorated today. The associated worksheets include What is Anzac? (PDF), Sir William Deane's Address on the occasion of the Dawn Service (PDF), Anzac Cove, Sunday, 25 April 1999, Analysing the text (PDF), Describing the legend (PDF), Reflections on the Anzac legend (PDF), the Living legend (PDF), and Kokoda - Another Anzac? (PDF)

Forced to repel a Japanese invasion force from 21 July 1942, the Australians fought in appalling conditions over the next four months. More than 600 Australians were killed and some 1680 wounded during perhaps the most significant battle fought by Australians in World War II. View a cross-section of the Kokoda track, showing the back-breaking terrain between Owers' Corner and Kokoda. (1000 feet is approximately 305 metres)

In 1943, Australian cinematographer and photographer Damien Parer was awarded one of four Hollywood Academy awards presented for wartime documentaries. Parer filmed his award-winning documentary in New Guinea when he was employed as a cinematographer in the AIF Film Unit, part of the Department of Information. View excerpts from his newsreel footage or view a gallery of images from Kokoda.

Read the first-hand reports of two War Correspondents, Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett and Charles Bean on the Australian landing at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. Also, read about Ashmead-Bartlett's attempts to “tell the real story” behind the Gallipoli campaign.

Visitors to the Anzac Commemorative site on the Gallipoli Peninsula can see ten large photographs and texts that tell the story. View these panels and read the text (in English and Turkish), along with explanations by the historian who selected the images and wrote the short texts. In these commentaries, he explains why he selected these particular ten images to tell the Gallipoli story.

Photograph of North Beach with the Sphinx in the background
North Beach (with the Sphinx in the background). This was taken approximately four days before the final evacuation of 19-20 December 1915. (National Archives of Australia)
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